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Hybrid Warfare: Journalism in Bulgaria, We Hate the West!

Free Europe' Man of the Day wants to destroy Hollywood...

This is an article from the flagship of the Bulgarian pro-Western media. Media that sets the tone for the journalistic profession. Jim Carrey was named Man of the Day for wanting to destroy Hollywood. Is it a fake news or anti- West leftist propaganda?

Though purposefully and misleadingly not mentioning that this is news from 5 years ago. As well as not really getting into what Jim Carrey was trying to say. But instead, it's like something out of the most left Victor Hugo novel about the starving children at the barricades of the French Revolution. It tells of the actor's difficult childhood, his family working in the factories, what he was forced to do, the exploitation of man in Western society. Purposefully, the image of Jim Carrey as a fighter against Hollywood is presented as being lifted from Guillermo Del Toro's portrayal of Pinocchio on Netflix(2023), in which the big bad was the same circus. Del Toro, though, is borderline on being labeled anti-Semitic because of the almost unhidden allegories of the big nose, the mouse, the money, and greed, mixed with Cristianity and Fascism.

The journalist is an intern, in a medium considered a benchmark for Western viewpoints. But what shines through is simply the far left mixed with the far right, which generally in Europe do not differ much in European political culture because they have a common enemy- Western Capitalism.

The big question about Bulgaria's role in the EU, NATO, and the Western world in general, besides culture, is journalists. But behind the journalists are usually the edditors and the producers who say what can and cannot be published. Let's take for example the most watched time in the whole of Bulgaria, the Morning Block of BTV and look who are the producers and what sentiments are they pushing on the audience? Is their position pro-Western or are they simply in the role of ridiculing and belittling Western Culture?

(Georgi Toshev present one of his book about the ex communist legend)

Who is Georgi Toshev?

The man who wrote two biographies about the most famous Bulgarian totalitarian actor Stefan Danailov, and one of the key people in the Bulgarian Communist Party.

At first glance, he has the perfect resume and legend. A journalist, a writer, study in New York, and then even the director of the Varna Theatre Festival press centre. But here comes something interesting, the books Georgi writes(the only bulgarian writer with such priveleges) are autobiographies of some of the greatest legends of Bulgarian totalitarian culture. As his biggest highlight are his two books about Stefan Danailov, a man not only a legend of totalitarian culture, but also a man in the highest leadership of the BSP(While the European Parliament passed on Wednesday (23 November, 2022) a resolution to recognise Russia as a state sponsor of terrorism, all five members of the group of Bulgarian socialists voted against it.), the successor party of the Bulgarian Communist Party. Stefan Danailov was also a full-time collaborator of the secret services during the communist rule. His name is also mentioned alongside the privatisation of the huge Bulgarian film centre, with land and facilities worth hundreds of millions. And the journalist Georgi Tonev is one of his closest people in his last years.

One biography, he wrote through his communication with the legend of Bulgarian cinema. The other, through Stefan's entire library, which was given to Georgi. As well as through the stories of Stefan Danailov's closest people whom Georgi Toshev met.

The journalist Georgi Toshev is also an advisor to the Bulgarian Minister of Culture Emma Moskova. The Moskov family (coming from the word Moskow) positions itself as extreme right-wing conservatives, with her son Peter Moskov(ex Health Minister) founding the party KOD, and he declares principled opposition to all other Bulgarian political parties, with the exception of VMRO - Bulgarian National Movement and the National Front for the Salvation of Bulgaria. Two parties proverbial in their denial of Bulgaria's Euro Integration, opponents of NATO and acceptance of the Euro. Moskov points to Donald Trump's administration and Viktor Orban's Hungary as examples of the type of right-wing conservatism he would like to impose. Facts which in itself, today, speaks volumes, who is who on the barricades.

(Georgi Toshev is perhaps the only Bulgarian journalist who can boast of having spent hours in Gorbachev's home. And that during the time he was in Russia afterwards he spent in arguments with Gorbachev's opponents. This is his Facebook post when Gorbachev died in which he recounts his time as Russian president. )

Georgi Toshev can definitely be called the best storyteller of Bulgaria's totalitarian past and culture. Who started a current trend of provincial influencers who fuel nostalgia for the communist past with positive stories and excerpts from films, books and the lives of celebrities from the time of the totalitarian system.

It is extremely important when we talk about media and journalism in Bulgaria to take into account a startling tendency to incite nostalgia for totalitarianism. Usually, this is done casually, by influencers who tendentiously hide behind a facade of pro-Western positions. Popular culture, books, films, music from the communist regime occupy the most positive place in their hybrid propaganda. And the result is young people being ideologically enthralled by a bygone time, for which some cons are "supposedly" acknowledged, but spoken of through left-wing Marxist rhetoric, about the social pluses of the totalitarian regime. At the end of the day, this is pure pro-Putin propaganda disguised behind several layers.

Because we very elementary explain Putin's terrorist propaganda only with Fake News or trolls on social networks. But in reality, the challenges we face in the digital 21st century are much more complex. We understand that Western culture can seemingly be present in the Bulgarian media space, the question is where, when and in what form. All the more so given the ethnic peculiarities of Bulgaria. Western culture was present for 30 years en masse in the Russian space. But the question is in what form, was the caricature image of the Westerner present, was the negative present, was it ridiculed in a slightly derogatory way? Was the West shown as an intellectually backward culture, for example, compared not to Russia, to old Europe? Because the main thing we see in Putin's propaganda today is just that, a treading on moral and pseudo-conservative superiority, against the 30 years of liberal infantilism displayed by the West in the Russian media space.

Definitely the easiest way to reach the minds and hearts of young people in Bulgaria is through art and media. Especially when the Russian propaganda machine is camouflaged behind pseudo Western stalwarts. When we talk about journalism in Bulgaria, we first of all understand that it is no coincidence that the country is one of the last in the world in terms of freedom of speech. And to understand why this is the case, we need to answer a few questions. 1. Who are the people who train young journalists in Bulgaria? Do they and their families have a communist past? 2. That one does not always have to be directly connected to the communist regime. The point is that it is good to check his circle of friends, business partners and the environment in general. 3. Who are the editors and producers in the media? As well as what kind of people they are dependent on. Because the ownership of the media can be European or American, it can live off grants and funding from the West, but at the same time, there are dependent people in key places in the media to set key trends.

To be a journalist in Bulgaria during the communism

The control of the press and electronic media was a special task of the Press Department of the Central Committee of the Communist Party. To become a journalist(or writer) before November 10, 1990, one had to be well vetted and true to communist ideology. Even just applying to the journalism faculty could not be done. In order to have your application papers accepted and to take the exam, you first had to present a positive characteristic from the city committee of the Communist Party of the Communist Party where you lived. Without such a characteristic stating that the young man was a reliable cadre, that he came from a faithful communist family, and was oriented correctly in the spirit of Marxism-Leninism, any aspirant to become a journalist was left hanging and had to look for an application elsewhere. When today you read in the biographical data of famous names in journalism the phrase "graduate of the journalism faculty of the SU", know that you are talking about the offspring of a correct communist family, who received a good characterization from the relevant CC of the Communist Party. This does not prevent dozens of graduates of the propaganda Marxist-Leninist educational establishment FJ at SU today from writing themselves democrats, Atlanticists and admirers of Western more

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